What are the precautions for nursing care of long-term bedridden patients?

Patients who have been bedridden for a long time may have many complications if they are not properly cared for at home. Severe cases will threaten lives. Therefore, it is very necessary to understand the knowledge of home care.

  1. Possible urinary tract infection: Patients who stay in bed for a long time must pay attention to the hygiene of the perineum, keep the area dry, drink plenty of water, and receive urine frequently. Try not to use diapers.
  2. Possibility of lung infection: effective ventilation is hindered, and respiratory secretions cannot be discharged in time. Change your body position more often, turn over, pat your back, and assist in expectoration.
  3. The possibility of muscle atrophy: long-term bed rest, almost no activity, muscles can not be exercised. Give massage, help exercise, exercise muscles, several times a day.
  4. Bed sores may occur: due to bed rest, local skin is under pressure for a long time, blood circulation disorders, malnutrition, and eventually skin ulceration and necrosis occur. The patient should be turned over every 2 hours to keep the sheets clean and dry.
  5. Venous embolism: restricted limb movement, slow blood flow, and vascular sclerosis and stenosis. The diet is light, high in vitamins, high in protein, high in calories, and low in fat. To help exercise more.
  6. Possible stones: Drink plenty of water and do not eat foods containing calcium oxalate to prevent stones.
  7. Constipation: Slow bowel movement and changes in bowel habits. You can apply heat or massage your abdomen. Give intestinal laxatives when necessary.
  8. Indigestion: can give some light nutritious and easy to digest food. Give digestive drugs when necessary.

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